US LIBRARY OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY BOSTON PRESENTED BY 7.A& £oe/<°?hs Jm>J7&: ZfVjL. 1942 YEAR BOOK OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY WITH THE ANNUAL REPORTS FOR 1941 V & 7f3£> Bequests to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society It is hoped by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society that it will not be forgotten by members who find it expedient to make their wills. This Society's financial condition is sound and its investments are good, but the income from many of its invest- ments has declined because of decreased returns from its bond holdings. Expenses naturally have increased and more money is needed to extend the activities of the Society. The following form of bequest is suggested : FORM OF BEQUEST I give and bequeath to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society located in Boston, Massachusetts, the sum of to be used as the Board of Trustees may direct for the promotion of horticulture in its various forms and for extending the activities of the Society along educational lines. Signed Foreword The Committee on Lectures and Publications has the honor to present herewith the nineteenth number of the Society's Year Book, with which is combined the annual reports for the year 1941. Elmer D. Merrill, Chairman. Boston, Mass. May 4, 1942. Mr. Edwin S. Webster Re-elected president at the annual meeting, May 4 } 1942. Table of Contents Foreword 3 Officers for 1942 9 Committees for 1942 10 Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1941 11 Two Hundred Dollar Legacy 17 Special Medal Awards in 1941 18 Exhibitions in 1942 25 Gifts to the Library 26 Garden Awards in 1941 27 Garden Clubs Not Members of the Massachusetts Federation 31 Necrology 37 Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission .... 38 Annual Meeting, 1942 43 The President's Address 43 Report of the Secretary 46 Report of the Treasurer 49 Report of the Library Committee 57 Report of the Committee on the Exhibitions of the Products of Children's Gardens 58 Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 59 Report of the Committee on Prizes 62 Result of the Balloting 62 Honorary Members 63 Corresponding Members 63 Mr. William Ellery Re-elected vice-president at the annual meeting, May 4, 1942. List of Illustrations Edwin S. Webster 4 William Ellery 6 Dunbar Lockwood 8 Professor Frank A. Waugh 18 Henry Hicks 20 Elizabeth White 20 John S. Ames 21 C. J. Van Bourgondien 21 Frederick H. Howard 24 L. G. Bruggemann 27 Summer home of Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, awarded silver medal in 1941 28 Section of formal garden of Mrs. C. D. Armstrong, awarded gold medal in 1941 29 Spring garden of Mrs. Charles G. Weld, awarded silver medal in 1941 30 Golden medal exhibit by Cherry Hill Nurseries at June Exhibition in 1941 36 "The Great Smokies" Brought to Boston 40 - Lily Garden at the 1942 Spring Show 40 Garden set up by Thomas Murray for Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, at the 1942 Spring Flower Show ... 42 Picture from book published about 1890, showing youthful gardeners on way to exhibition at Horticultural Hall . 47 Mb. Dunbar Lockwood Elected a trustee at the annual meeting, May 4, 1942. THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY President EDWIN S. WEBSTER Vice-Presidents William Ellery Charles K. Cummings Trustees *John S. Ames Walter Hunnewell (1943) Aubrey Butler (1945) Harlan P. Kelsey (1945) George W. Butterworth (1943) Dunbar Lock wood (1945) Winthrop L. Carter (1943) Elmer D. Merrill (1944) Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby (1943) Harold S. Ross (1944) Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge (1943) Fletcher Steele (1945) *Charles K. Cummings Robert G. Stone (1944) •William Ellery Mrs. Roger S. Warner (1945) Samuel J. Goddard (1944) *Edwin S. Webster William P. Wolcott (1944) Honorary Trustees Professor Oakes Ames Miss Marian Roby Case Treasurer John S. Ames Assistant Treasurer Walter Hunnewell Secretary * Edward I. Farrington *Members ex-officio. Dates given are those of expiration of terms. COMMITTEES OF THE SOCIETY For the Year Ending May 4, 1943 Executive Committee EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL Finance Committee EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES ROBERT G. STONE Budget Committee EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY CHARLES K. CUMMINGS WALTER HUNNEWELL ROBERT G. STONE Membership Committee WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH DUNBAR LOCKWOOD Committee on Exhibitions ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman SAMUEL J. GODDARD ALLEN HIXON CHARLES P. GORELY, JR. MRS. IRVING C. WRIGHT Committee on Prizes AUBREY BUTLER, Chairman JOHN S. AMES GEORGE O. CLARK ERNEST BOROWSKI SYDNEY KIMPTON Committee on Library CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY MRS. ROGER S. WARNER Committee on Lectures and Publications ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE MRS. JOHN G. COOLIDGE Committee on Special Medals HAROLD S. ROSS. Chairman AUBREY BUTLER ELMER D. MERRILL HARLAN P. KELSEY WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT Committee on Gardens GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH, Chairman DUNBAR LOCKWOOD FLETCHER STEELE HAROLD S. ROSS ROBERT G. STONE Committee on Building WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH CHARLES K. CUMMINGS Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions SAMUEL J. GODDARD, Chairman DANIEL W. O'BRIEN MRS. HENRY D. TUDOR Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. ELMER D. MERRILL AUBREY BUTLER WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT Nominating Committee SAMUEL J. GODDARD HAROLD S. ROSS ELMER D. MERRILL ROBERT G. STONE WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1941 The Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. George Robert White Medal of Honor Professor Frank A. Waugh, Amherst, Mass., for eminent service in horticulture. Thomas Roland Medal C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, N. Y., grower of greenhouse plants. Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal Fred H. Howard, Montebello, Calif., for developing roses, a leader in horticultural activities. President's Cup Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a formal garden at the Spring Show. Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. Gold Medal of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. Trophy of the Massachusetts Department of Agriculture Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. Trophy of the Popularity Contest Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. Bronze Medal of the New England Wild Flower Preservation Society, Inc. Wilfrid Wheeler, for an outstanding exhibit illustrating the conserva- tion of holly. Crystal Vases A. Frylink & Son, Inc., for daffodil Mrs. R. 0. Backhouse, best bloom in the show. Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for tulip President Taft, best bloom in the show. Book: "Green Enchantment" C. K. Cummings, for Camellia japonica alba plena, best bloom in the show. Large Gold Medals Mrs. Charles Dickey Armstrong, for her garden at "Indian Knoll," Oster- ville. 11 12 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Mr. John S. Ames, North Easton, for advancement of horticulture, particularly introduction of Kurume azaleas. Henry Hicks, Westbury, N. Y., nurseryman maintaining high standard of nursery practice. Elizabeth White, Whitesbog, N. J., for propagation and distribution of cultivated blueberry, also work with American holly. Gold Medals L. Sherman Adams, Welles! ey, for a group of orchids at New York. Bobbink & Atkins, for a rose garden at the Spring Show. Ernest Borowski, for a rhododendron and azalea garden at the Spring Show. Borst & Fraser, for an outdoor living room at the Spring Show. Breck's, for a display of daffodils at the Spring Show. Cape Cod Horticultural Society, Inc., for a formal garden at the Spring Show. Cherry Hill Nurseries, for an informal garden at the Spring Show. Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a comprehensive display of peonies, rhododen- drons and azaleas. W. N. Craig, for a table rock garden at the Spring Show. Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a group of chrysanthemums. Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a rose garden at the Spring Show. Cummings the Florist, for a group of standard geraniums at the Spring Show. Flying Cloud Farms, Inc., for a display of gladiolus — the most meritorious exhibit in the New England Gladiolus Society's exhibition. A. Frylink & Son, Inc., for a collection of daffodils. Gardeners' & Florists' Club of Boston, for a group of chrysanthemums. Gardner Museum, for a group of cyclamen at the Spring Show. Gardner Museum, for an oriental temple garden. Alexander Irving Heimlich, for a ledge garden and waterfall at the Spring Show. Hillcrest Gardens, for a New England farmyard scene. Albert A. Hulley, for a clematis and rose garden at the Spring Show. F. W. Hunnewell, for a group of Ccelogyne cristata at the Spring Show. Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. Norristown Garden Club, for a cottage garden at the Spring Show in Philadelphia. A. A. Pembroke, for a vase of seedling snapdragons at the Spring Show. A. N. Pierson, Inc., and the United States Cut Flower Company, for displays of roses at the Spring Show. (2) Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of acacias at the Spring Show. Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums. Edwin S. Webster, for an informal garden at the Spring Show. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. Wolfpen Farm, for an arrangement of camellias. Yoder Brothers, for a display of chrysanthemum varieties. MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 13 Silver Medals Dr. Thomas Barbour, for a display of vegetables. Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for a modernistic garden at the Spring Show. Ernest Borowski, for specimen Azalea indica at the Spring Show. Mrs. E. D. Brandegee, for a group of chrysanthemums. Breck's, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Mrs. Frederick F. Brewster, for a group of calceolarias at the Spring Show. Butterworth's, for a group of orchids. F. I. Carter & Sons, for a group of cacti and succulents at the Spring Show. W. N. Craig, for a display of perennials and lilies. V. R. DePetris, for a display of chrysanthemums. Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, for his Summer place at Sandwich. Garden in the Woods, for an educational exhibit showing propagation of native plants at the Spring Show. Gardeners' & Florists' Club of Boston, for a primrose dell at the Spring Show. George P. Gardner, Jr., for a display of camellias. Gardner Museum, for a Fourth of July garden at the Spring show. Dr. R. J. Graves, for iris Depute Nomblot — finest stalk in Iris Show. Mrs. Randolph C. Grew, for a lily garden at the Spring Show. Harvard University Botanic Garden, for a collection of sedums. Herb Society of America, for a group of medicinal herbs at the Spring Show. Jamaica Plain High School, for a backyard garden at the Spring Show. Lohrman Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Edward F. Norberg, Jr., for a group of hydrangeas at the Spring Show. North Shore Horticultural Society, for an informal garden at the Spring Show. R. T. Paine, 2nd, for Cymbidium pauwelsi at the Spring Show. Shreve, Crump & Low Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Louis Vasseur, for a display of clematis. William T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis at the Spring Show. Fred P. Webber, for a display of dahlias, small-flowered varieties. Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. (2) Mrs. Charles G. Weld, for her Spring garden at Brookline. Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a formal garden at the Spring Show. Mrs. A. C. Wilson, for a collection of tree peonies. John Young, for dahlia Elsie M. Young. Bronze Medals American Begonia Society, for a group of begonias at the Spring Show. Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for a collection of herbs. 14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Better Homes Garden Club of Winchester, for a flower arrangement by Mrs. Samuel B. Kirkwood — most meritorious flower arrangement by a non-member of the New England Gladiolus Society. Mrs. George Blum, for Euphorbia splendens. Brightridge Dairy Greenhouses, for general excellence of trade booth at Spring Show. L. G. Bruggemann, for a display of vegetables. Carbone, Inc., for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Cummings the Florist, for carnation wedding bouquets at the Spring Show. C. K. Cummings, for hardy chrysanthemums — Rye Hill seedlings. Mrs. Edward Forbes, for a group of Japanese chrysanthemums. Ormond Hamilton, for Japanese arrangements at the Spring Show. Mrs. Harry Hayward, for a group of Primula auricula at the Spring Show. Keown Orchards, for Mcintosh apples. Meloripe Fruit Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Miss Geneva Mercer, for flower paintings in tempera. Morrison School Garden, for a display from a replica of the first school garden. Xorth High School, Agricultural Department, for a roadside stand. Mrs. Dana Osgood, for an arrangement of camellias. Perry Seed Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Ray's, Inc., for three bottle gardens. Ray's, Inc., for a group of house plants at the Spring Show. Runkle School, for a model of a section of Old Williamsburg at the Spring Show. Spanish Art Iron Works, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Vaughan's Seed Store, for general excellence of trade booth at the Spring Show. Miss Lissa Bell Walker, for flower paintings and drawings. Waltham Field Station, for a display of popcorn. Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, for the second highest total number of points in Iris Show. Wendell W. Wyman, for a display of gladiolus. Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by Miss Marian Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, Weston, Mass. Armen Amerigian, Brockton Robert E. Andresen, Lexington Herbert A. Berthel, Melrose Herbert Bissell, Goshen Edith Boisseau, Westfield George C. Costa, Roxbury Barbara Coulton, Richmond MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 15 Dorothy Courtemanche, Brockton James Cunningham, North Andover Rhinehold Dubochewsky, Swansea Jean Ewing, East Bridgewater Leo J. Fitzpatriek, Jr., Brockton Paul Gibbs, Chester Robert B. Gretter, Maiden Ralph Gulla, Boston Hollis S. Howard, Amesbury Anne Jeffrey, Brockton Donald Jillson, North Adams Donald Kinsman, Framingham Aloysius P. Maclntyre, Dorchester Herbert Morgan, Arlington Arlene Sabo, Goshen Paul Smith, Stow Shirley Tilton, Taunton Virginia Tuttle, Waltham Christine Vartarian, Weymouth Donald Vetterling, Greenfield Arthur R. Voelkel, South Boston Richard Walsh, Holbrook June Wesson, Orange Donald White, Holliston John Wiinikainen, West Barnstable Robert Wilson, East Bridgewater Robert I. Young, Orleans Edward Zapsky, Boston First Class Certificates Azalea Jane Abbott, exhibited by Weston Nurseries, Inc. Brassocattleya Hartland, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Cypripedium Joan Harris, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Laeliocattleya Hyperion, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Laeliocattleya Windermere, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Awards of Merit Carnation Venus, exhibited by Cummings the Florist. Chrysanthemum Cocheco, exhibited by Colprit's Nursery. Cymbidium Chepstow Castle, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Cypripedium Crusader, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Giant Peter Fisher carnations, exhibited by Cummings the Florist. Seneca Grape, exhibited by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station. Laeliocattleya Cynthia var. Model, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Laeliocattleya Elissa, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Miltonia Christin, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Phalaenopsis Reve Rose, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. Snapdragon Mammoth Gold, exhibited by the Mt. Auburn Cemetery Corp. Votes of Commendation Calceolaria tomentosa, exhibited by Walter Hunnewell. Carnation Hazel Draper, exhibited by W. D. Howard. Carnation Peace, exhibited by Seaver Brothers. Hillebrandia sandwicensis, exhibited by F. W. Hunnewell. Jasminum beesianum, exhibited by Harvard University Botanic Garden. Lily Vilmora, exhibited by Louis Vasseur. Rose Brandywine, exhibited by J. H. Thompson's Sons. Rose Fair Maid, exhibited by Peirce Brothers. Cultural Certificates Peter Arnott, for a group of orchids. Miss A. A. Bradley for specimen cyclamen plant. G. S. Bradley, for Ccelogyne cristata. L. G. Bruggemann, for the size and excellence of his delphiniums. Cummings the Florist, for standard geraniums. George W. Finnie, for a group of calceolarias. Sydney Kimpton, for specimen cyclamen. A. A. Pembroke, for seedling snapdragons. Harold A. Ryan, Inc., for Strelitzia regina. John Sullivan, for cyclamen. Louis Vasseur, for clematis. Eric H. Wetterlow & Son, Florists, for Cypripedium insigne. Votes of Thanks Mrs. Emma Bailey Fraser, for flower paintings. Clebnik Brothers, for St. Patrick's party bouquet of carnations at the Spring Show. Cornell University, for model gardens at the Spring Show. A. C. Farr, for a display of carnations at the Spring Show. A. C. Farr, for an orange tree at the Spring Show. S. J. Goddard, for a basket of Carnation Hermosa at the Spring Show. S. J. Goddard, for a basket of mixed carnations at the Spring Show. Countess Guardabassi, for a vase of Russell lupine. Mrs. L. Hollingsworth Wood, for camellias. F. W. Hunnewell, for Ccelogyne cristata. C. B. Johnson, for Carnation Crimson Queen. H. M. Johnson, for Barnewjohn pears. Massachusetts Department of Conservation, for an exhibit of shrub, tree and forest insects. Miss Geneva Mercer, for "Joyousness" — figure of a baby boy. Mrs. Dorothea Long Moretti, for a fountain figure — Boy on Turtle. New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for Pawpaws — Asimina triloba. MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1941 17 Ray's, Inc., for planted tufa rock. Sand Hills Garden Club, for camellias. Stumpp & Walter, for pansies. Miss Maren Thoresen, for flower portraits. Louis Vasseur, for a frilled peony. John B. Wills, for a collection of hardy chrysanthemums. Miss Elizabeth Woolley, for a New England doorway lighted for Christ- mas. Honorable Mention Wreath suitable for Christmas constructed of natural plant material, exhibited by the Plymouth, N. H., Garden Club. Botanical Certificate Myosotis traversi, exhibited by the Harvard University Botanic Garden. Scroll First Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, for large and well-kept park. Two Hundred Dollar Legacy The late Mrs. James W. Applebee of Lynn, Mass., who became a member of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society in 1928, left a will bequeathing $200 to this Society, which amount has been received and entered on the books. Special Medal Awards in 1941 George Robert White Award Professor Frank A. Waugh, awarded the George Robert White Medal of Honor in 1941, is emeritus professor of landscape archi- tecture at Massachusetts State College and widely known as an author and teacher of horticultural subjects. This medal is con- Professor Frank A. Waugh Awarded the George Robert White Medal of Honor in 1941. sidered to be the highest honor available in the field of horticul- ture in the United States. Dr. Waugh has been with Massachusetts State College for 40 years, having gone there from the University of Vermont in 1902. He organized the division of horticulture and served as its head for many years. During that time he carried on extensive field 18 SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 19 work as well as experiments in many branches of horticulture. He is the author of numerous books and bulletins and his publi- cations in ecology and physiography have been looked upon as basic to an understanding of the natural landscape and there- fore fundamental to landscape architecture. His work in sys- tematic pomology opened an entirely new field in this branch of science. Dr. Waugh is a fellow of the American Society of Landscape Architects and holds honorary doctor's degrees from his Alma Mater, Kansas State College, and from the University of Vermont. He collaborated with the United States Forest Service for many years, traveling widely over the United States, advising the government with respect to landscape conservation and making plans for the development of recreation areas from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific. Frederick Huber Howard Mr. Frederick Huber Howard, who was awarded the Jackson Dawson medal in 1941, has distinguished himself in many lines of horticulture but is best known throughout the country for his work in creating new roses. His most widely known creation, the Los Angeles rose, has helped to spread the fame of his native city. Mr. Howard was born in that California city in 1873, being the first of 12 children. Five of these children were boys, all of whom became nurserymen, building between them two of California's largest nursery establishments. Mr. Howard has been specializing in roses for 45 years, and thousands of experiments in hybridizing are carried out each year at his trial grounds in Montebello, although they are not confined to roses. Mr. Howard has done much work with cinerarias, amaryl- lis, asters, dahlias, chrysanthemums, zinnias and verbenas. In 1926 his Amarcrinum howardi won the silver Cory cup awarded an- nually by the Royal Horticultural Society for the most meritori- ous novelty in its London show. It was the first time that that classic cup had been brought to the United States. Mr. Howard was awarded a gold medal by the American Rose Society in 1941, as perhaps the outstanding rose hybridist of America, having produced perhaps 40 recognized and standard varieties in use today. 20 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Mr. Henry Hicks Awarded the Society's Gold Medal in 1941. Miss Elizabeth White Awarded the Society's Gold Medal in 1941. SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 21 Mr. John S. Ames Awarded the Society's Gold Medal in 1941. Mr. C. J. Van Bourgondien Awarded the Thomas Roland Medal in 1941. 22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY C. J. Van Bourgondien Mr. C. J. Van Bourgondien. awarded the Thomas Roland medal in 19-41. is widely known for his skill in the cultivation of green- house plants and in the growing of bulbs. Mr. Van Bourgondien was born April 5. 1885, at Hillegom. Holland, in the center of the Dutch bulb district. At an early age he started to travel in England and the United States selling Holland bulbs for the concern of K. Van Bourgondien & Sons. In 1915 he married and settled in this country permanently and in 1918 started in business for himself and severed relations with the old firm. He is the father of five children. John S. Ames John S. Ames was awarded a gold medal in 1911. He has been active in various fields of horticulture for many years. He was one of the trusted advisors of the late Professor Charles S. Sargent of the Arnold Arboretum, and is a member of the Visiting Com- mittee of that institution. His interest in forestry has been keen over a long period, and it was largely through his generosity that the establishment of the now famous Harvard Forest in Petersham became possible. It was Mr. Ames who introduced the Kurume azalea into the eastern part of this country, this remarkable plant having been called to his attention by the late Ernest H. TVilson. the Arnold Arboretum's famous plant hunter, as a result of a trip to Japan. This was in 1917. in which year plants were received directly from the city of Kurume in Japan. Mr. Ames has received many awards for displays of these azaleas. He was given the Marian Roby Case cup in 1926. the Walter Hunnewell cup in 1929 and the Centennial silver medal in 1929. In 1935 he was given both the president's cup and a gold medal for his exhibit, and in 1931 he was given the Society's large gold medal from the Hunnewell fund for his estate at North Easton. which has been maintained at a high level of cultivation for a long term of years. Mr. Ames has been a trustee of this Society since 1922. and has been treasurer for the same length of time. Henry Hicks The name of Hicks is an important one in the annals of Ameri- can horticulture. Mr. Henry Hicks, who was awarded the Gold Medal of this Societv in 1911. doubtless inherited his love of SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS IN 1941 23 horticulture from his grandfather, Isaac Hicks, a Quaker preacher who founded in 1852 what became a noted nursery business on Long Island. Henry Hicks was born in 1870 at Westbury, Long Island, and was graduated from Cornell University in 1892. He entered the nursery business immediately after graduation and soon became convinced that native indigenous trees and shrubs and Asiatic species were much more satisfactory on Long Island than the trees native to the moist equitable European soil and climate. The early invention and development of methods for moving trees was one of the outstanding achievements of Mr. Hicks and his associates when work of this kind was new. Mr. Hicks takes particular interest in evergreens and his name will be perpetu- ated in the yew known as Taxus media hicksi or, in English, Hick's yew. In recent years he has taken much interest in re- introducing the shipmast locust. Mr. Hicks is famous for his generosity and enthusiasm and has never neglected an opportunity to interest young people in a scientific education. He is, of course, a member of many organi- zations and has a wide correspondence throughout the country. It is gratifying to him and to his friends that his two sons, the fourth generation from Isaac Hicks, are now active in the business. Miss Elizabeth White Blueberries have brought fame to Miss Elizabeth White of Whitesbog, N. J. Whitesbog is located in the pine barrens of New Jersey, in a section where native cranberries and blueberries were harvested long before Columbus discovered America. Years ago Dr. Frederick V. Colville, chief botanist of the United States Department of Agriculture, began making experiments in blue- berry culture in that part of New Jersey. In 1916 about 600 quarts of cultivated blueberries composed the first shipment from Whitesbog. In 1911, Joseph J. White and his daughter Elizabeth began co-operating with Dr. Colville and after the latter's death con- tinued his work. As a result, more than 600,000 quarts of blue- berries were moved from the Whitesbog section in 1936. Miss White has given much of her life to the development of the blueberry. She is largely responsible for the development of what has become an important industry in this country and one increasing the revenue of many farmers. Blueberries have not occupied all of her attention, however, for 24 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY she is interested in other branches of horticulture. Recently, she has been devoting herself to the improvement of the American holly, working with Mr. Wilfrid Wheeler in seeking out unusually good wild forms on Cape Cod. Mr. Frederick H. Howard Awarded the Jackson Daiuson Memorial Medal in 1941. EXHIBITIONS IN 1942 MECHANICS BUILDING March 16-21 Spring Flower Show HORTICULTURAL HALL January 30 and 31 Camellia Show April 30 and May 1 Daffodil Show May 4 and 5 Azalea Show May Hand 15 Tulip Show June 17 and 18 June Show August 19 and 20 Gladiolus Show August 27 and 28 Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens September 12 and 13 Dahlia Show October 7-9 Harvest Show November 5 - 8 Autumn Show 25 Gifts to the Library The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with thanks gifts to the library from the following donors: Babcock, Mrs. Samuel G. Nomenclator methodieus florae parisienses. MS. 1780. Burrage, Mrs. Albert Cameron The garden library of the late Albert Cameron Burrage, about 2300 volumes and a collection of water color drawings of orchids. Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R. A new selection of modern flower arrangements, by Mirei Shigemori. 1933. Selected flower arrangements of the Ohara school, by Moribana and Heikwa. 1935. Curtis, Miss Mary Clematis, the large and small flowered, by Ernest Markham. 1935. Deuber, Mr. Carl G. Vegetative propagation of conifers, by Carl G. Deuber. ( Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. Trans, v. 34, 1940) Dittman, Mr. W. Jay Michigan Dept. of Conservation. Biennial reports 1927-1938. Natural History, various issues. Jan. 1937-Jan. 1939. Goddard, Mr. S. J. British floral decoration, by R. F. Felton. 1910. Herb Society of America. (Norton Memorial) Divers chimical conclusions concerning the art of distillation, by Hugh Plat. 1594, facsim. ed. 1941. The species of Tradescantia indigenous to the United States, by Edgar Anderson and R. E. Woodson. 1935. Lee, Mrs. Joseph An encyclopedia of gardening, by J. C. Loudon. 1822. Martin, Mr. William S. Landscape plans for beautiful gardens, by William S. Martin. 1939. New England Gladiolus Society Fischer color chart, by Eugene N. Fischer. 1941. Pool, Mr. Sterling H. Gourds of the southeastern Indians, by Frank G. Speck. 1941. Rubel, Mr, Robert O., Jr. Botanical Cabinet, by Loddiges and Son, various parts. 1817-1821. Practical gardener, by Charles Mcintosh. 1828. v. 1. Steele, Mr. Fletcher Manual of plant diseases ; ed. 3, by Paul Sorauer. 1922. Wilson, Mrs. A. Chalmers Country Life, various issues. Gardening Illustrated, various issues. Gardener's Chronicle (Eng.), various issues. 26 Garden Awards in 1941 The Committee on Gardens recommended that no award of the Hunnewell medal be made for the year 1941. Several other awards were made, however, by the Board of Trustees on recommenda- tion of the committee. These awards were as follows : The Society's gold medal to Mrs. C. D. Armstrong, Osterville, for a large formal garden. The Society's silver medal to Mr. Charles 0. Dexter, for the excellent way in which his Summer place at Sandwich has been laid out and planted. The Society's silver medal to Mrs. Charles G. Weld, for a charming Spring garden, with special emphasis on tulips, at her home in Brookline. A scroll to the First Church of Christ, Scientist, for the large and well kept garden in front of the Mother Church on Huntington Avenue in Boston. A certificate of culture to Mr. L. G. Bruggemann of Hingham, for his success in growing delphiniums of unusual size and excellence. Mr. L. G. Bruggemann Awarded a Cultural Certificate on recommendation of the garden committee. 27 r« ^J Ml *» ©> 8 © ID SI o p fti Si 2? £ OS a. P ^ Garden Clubs Not Members of the Massachusetts Federation Acton Center Garden Club. President, Mrs. Elwin Hollowell, R. F. D., Concord. Secretary, Mrs. Lynne P. Townsend, Acton. Attleboro Garden Club. President, Mr. Fred S. Huff, Pike Ave., Attleboro. Secretary, Mrs. Arthur V. Gustafson, 173 Pike Ave., Attleboro. Bernardston Garden Club. President, Mrs. Margaret Dunnell, South St., Bernardston. Secretary, Mrs. Georgianna Herrick, Northfield Rd., Bernardston. Beverly Improvement Society. President, Miss Winnifred P. Upton, 10 Highland Ave., Beverly. Secretary, Miss Carrie Edgett, 8 Corning St., Beverly. Bourne, Aptucxet Garden Club. President, Mrs. George Ballantine, Cataumet. Secretary, Mrs. Willis Swift, Cataumet. Bridgewater Garden Club. President, Mrs. Albert F. Hunt, 28 School St., Bridgewater. Secretary, Mrs. Donald Atwood, Grove St., Bridgewater. Brockton Garden Club. President, Mrs. Edward A. Keith, 30 W. Chestnut St., Campello. Secretary, Mrs. Frederic L. Chamberlain, 20 Oakland Ave., Brockton. C hartley Garden Club President, Mrs. Howard Crowe, Chartley. Secretary, Mrs. Millard Ashley, Sturdy St., Attleboro. Clinton Woman's Club, Department of Gardens. Chairman, Mrs. A. D. Perham, 536 High St., Clinton. Secretary, Mrs. William Hoffman, Clinton. Cohasset, Amateur Gardeners. President, Mrs. Burt Bristol, Summer St., Cohasset. Secretary, Mrs. William R. May, Cedar Lane, Cohasset. Easton Garden Club. President, Mr. Gustaf Rydholm, 21 Holmes St., North Easton. Secretary, Miss Anna Sheehan, North Easton. Endicott Garden Club. President, Mrs. Ruth Bestwick, Taylor Rd., Dedham. Secretary, Mrs. Clara Cobbett, Sprague St., Dedham. 31 32 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Franklin Garden Club. President, Mrs. Harry J. Geb, 28 High St., Franklin. Secretary, Mrs. Mar} 7 L. Bly, 95 Park Rd., Franklin. Georgetown Garden Club. President, Mrs. Alice Stetson, 17 Spoffard Ave., Georgetown. Secretary, Miss Hattie Wilde, 125 Central St., Georgetown. Hampden Garden Club. President, Mr. James Morgan, Mountain Rd., Hampden. Secretary, Miss Ernestine 0. Bliss, Box 128, Hampden. Hampshire County Garden Club. President, Mrs. Warren D. McAvoy, Village Hill Rd., Williamsburg. Secretary, Mrs. A. L. Judge, 109 Chestnut St.. Northampton. Hanover Garden Club. President, Mrs. John Stewart, Hanover. Secretary, Miss Margaret Crowell, Norwell. Holden Garden Club. President, Mrs. A. Kirke Warren, Holden. Secretary, Mrs. Herman S. Smith, Holden. Holliston Garden Club. President, Mrs. Roy T. Wells, Concord St., Holliston. Secretary, Mrs. William B. Allen, Marshall St., Holliston. Hopedale Woman's Club, Garden Department of. President, Mrs. Roy Hayward, 7 Union St., Hopedale. Secretary, Mrs. Alfred French, Jr., Union St., Hopedale. Hopkinton Garden Club. President, Miss Nellie J. Kirby, Waleott St., Hopkinton. Secretary, Mrs. Florence L. Guyton, Claflin Ave., Hopkinton. Hubbardston Continuation Club. President, Mrs. Richard Lyon, Hubbardston. Secretary, Mrs. Willard Slade, Hubbardston. Mansfield, New Century Club, Garden Department of President, Mrs. Harry R. Howe, 74 Rumford Ave., Mansfield. Secretary, Mrs. Clara Giles, N. Main St., Mansfield. Marblehead Woman's Club, Conservation and Garden Group of. President, Mrs. William H. Riley, 37 Harris St., Marblehead. Secretary, Mrs. Robert Moore, Birch St., Marblehead. Marlboro Garden Club. President, Mrs. Joseph L. Benson, 74 Newton St., Marlboro. Secretary, Miss Alice L. Hart, 125 Newton St., Marlboro. GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 33 Marthas Vineyard Garden Club. President, Mrs. Wilfrid 0. White, Vineyard Haven. Secretary, Miss Amy Ferris, Vineyard Haven. Medford Hillside, Garden Group of the Mothers' Club of. President, Mrs. V. R. Harris, 9 Woodland Ave., Medford. Secretary, Mrs. W. T. Larkin, 16 Dearborn St., Medford. Monson Garden Club. President, Mrs. Henry C. Sanderson, Wilbraham Rd., Monson. Secretary, Mrs. Belle Morris, Palmer Road, Monson. Needham, Men's Garden Club of. President, Mr. Stanley B. Wheeler, 47 Emerson Rd., Needham. Secretary, Mr. George M. Wragg, 178 West St., Needham Heights. Newton Upper Falls Garden Club. President, Mrs. Frank Mordo, 5 Summer St., Newton Upper Falls. Secretary, Mrs. James E. Tully, 51 High St., Newton Upper Falls. North Attleboro Garden Club. President, Mrs. 0. L. Schubert, South St., Plainville. Secretary, Mr. Harry L. Dixon, South St., Plainville. Oxford Garden Club. President, Mrs. William W. Taft, Box 312, Oxford. Secretary, Mrs. Maurice Healy, Oxford. Pelham Woman's Club, Garden Section of. President, Mrs. Herman Goodell, R. D. 2, Amherst. Secretary, Mrs. Raymond C. Robinson, R. D. 2, Amherst. Pembroke-Hanson Garden Club. President, Mrs. William Walkey, Hanson. Secretary, Mrs. Garland Brooks, Hanson. Pepperell Garden Club. President, Miss Bertha Colson, R. F. D., Pepperell. Secretary, Mrs. Franklin C. Wiley, Box 113, Pepperell. Rehoboth Garden Club. President, Mrs. Elliot F. Parker, Bay State Rd., Rehoboth. Secretary, Mrs. Almanza H. Kilroy, Summer St., Rehoboth. Rochester Garden Club. President, Mrs. Henry Olanssen, Rochester. Secretary, Mrs. Chester Cowen, Rochester. Shelburne Falls Garden Club. President, Mr. C. L. Severance, 16 Maple St., Shelburne Falls. Secretary, Mrs. Fred M. Schontag, 51 Prospect St., Shelburne Falls. 34 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Sohanno Garden Club. President, Mrs. George L. Dodd, Lake Archer, Wrentham. Secretary, Mrs. Harry Metcalf, 97 Franklin St., Wrentham. Southborough Woman's Club, Garden Group of. President, Mrs. George Gay, Southborough. Secretary, Mrs. Chester M. Bean, Box 52, Cordaville. Southbridge Garden Club. President, Mrs. Frank A. Morey, 32 Maple St., Southbridge. South Warrex Community Garden Club. President, Mrs. Kenneth Tuttle, R. F. D. 1, West Brookfteld. Secretary, Mrs. D. Walker Cheney, R. F. D., Brimfield. Spencer Garden Club. President, Miss Nellie Sullivan, 2 Emmett St., Spencer. Secretary, Miss Margaret M. Kane, N. Spencer Rd., Spencer. Stoneham Garden Club. President, Mrs. John P. English, 37 Maple St., Stoneham. Secretary, Miss Laura Lee, 220 William St., Stoneham. Sunderland Woman's Club, Garden Section of. Chairman, Mrs. Kenneth S. Williams, Sunderland. Secretary, Mrs. Henry J. Rohrs, Sunderland. Swansea, Country Garden Club of. President, Mrs. Ralph Loper, Touisset. Secretary, Mrs. Chester D. Borden, 21 Highland PL, Fall River. Tewksrury Garden Club. President, Mrs. George A. Ward, Tewksburv. Secretary, Mrs. William H. Dewing, Tewskburv. Ware Social Science Club. President, Mrs. James G. McNett, Elm St., Ware. Secretary, Mrs. J. Gardiner Lincoln, Church St., Ware. Webster Garden Club. President, Miss Kate M. Dobbie, 384 School St., Webster. Secretary, Mrs. Spaulding Bartlett, 516 Main St., Webster. Westborough Garden Club. President, Mrs. Ruby W. Stone, 9 Ruggles St., Westborough. Secretary, Miss Dorothy Weeks, 8 Fisher St., Westborough. West Bridgewater Garden Club. President, Miss Hampe, South St., West Bridgewater. Secretary, Mrs. Charlotte Hurley, Monument Sq., West Bridgewater. GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 35 West Dennis Garden Club. President, Miss Marguerite Sheridan, Box 137, West Dennis. Secretary, Mrs. W. H. Heptonstall, Box 6, West Dennis. West Newbury Garden Club. President, Mrs. George E. Hale, 35 Main St., West Newbury. Secretary, Mrs. Parker H. Nason, 347 Main St., West Newbury. Weston Garden Club. President, Mrs. William C. Conant, Newton St., Weston. Secretary, Mrs. Mortimer T. Farley, 95 Summer St., Weston. Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group. President, Mrs. Edmund Taft, Hill St., Whitinsville. Secretary, Mrs. Edward A. Bailard, Main St., Linwood. Whitman Men's Garden Club. President, Mr. William Churchill, 17 Burton Ave., Whitman. Secretary, Mr. Lester Quinlan, 1215 Washington St., North Abington. Whitman, Women's Garden Club of. President, Mrs. Charles H. Crocker, 25 Wilmot St., Whitman. Secretary, Miss Helena Pearson, 20 Gold St., Whitman. Wilbraham Women's Club, Garden Group of. Leader, Mrs. Harry L. Piper, Glendale, Rd. ; North Wilbraham. H3 v. s •fca o CM Necrology The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the year ending May 1, 1942. Mrs. Rodolphe L.Agassiz Mrs. Jennie C. Anderson Mr. Nathan Anthony Mr. Henry Saltonstall Appleton Mrs. Paul Bacon Mr. Judson Baldwin Mrs. George C. Beals Mr. Alberton D. Breding Mr. Joseph Brewer Mrs. Howard W. Brown Mr. Walter T. Bryant Miss Emily D. Chapman Mr. George B. Clements Mr. R. S. Codman Mrs. John H. Coes Mr. N. Edwin Covel Mr. Erskine H. Cox Mrs. Helen M. Craig Mrs. George A. Craigin Mr. Ernest B. Dane Mrs. Frank F. Davidson Mrs. Carl A. de Gersdorff Mr. Paul DeNave Mrs. Charles A. Dummer Mrs. Edward C. Emerson Mr. W. E. Fischer Mr. Josiah H. Gifford Mr. Howard F. Goodrich Mrs. James D. Gordon Mr. Elijah S. Gorney Mr. Donald C. Gray Mrs. Jerome D. Greene Mr. John C. Haartz Miss Annie K. Hardy Mrs. C. M. Hart Mr. Samuel Henshaw Sir Arthur W. Hill Mrs. W. E. Houghton Mrs. Joshua C. Kelley Mrs. Charles Keyes Mr. Arthur Kidder Mrs. Henry P. King Mr. Charles H. Knights Mrs. E. LeRoy Lane Rt. Rev. William Lawrence Mrs. George A. Libby Mrs. Mary Luddy Mr. Herbert Lyman Mr. Brion J. Manion Mr. Alfred H. Marchant Mr. James Marlborough Mrs. Archibald C. McKillop Mr. Alexander P. Montgomery Mr. William A. Muller Mr. Raymond H. Oveson Miss Imogene L. Owen Mrs. Anna L. Page Miss Frances T. Paine Mrs. Frank E. Poland Mr. James C. Porter Mrs. S. U. Prescott Mrs. Gilman Pritchard Mrs. Alex Quackenboss Mrs. Chester Allyn Reed Mr. William C. Rice Mrs. A. M. Ricker Mrs. Edward S. Robinson Mr. Henry Wilson Ross Mrs. Lillian Bridges Rowell Mrs. Francis W. Sargent Mrs. Daniel K. Snow Miss Dora N. Spalding Mr. William S. Spaulding Mr. Clarence E. Sprague Professor George E. Stone Mr. John N. Summers Mrs. Eliza R. Sumner Mrs. Mary S. Thomas Miss Abby Allan Todd Mrs. Horace F. Tuttle Mr. J. M. Wattendorf Mrs. Thomas G. Webber Mr. Rudolph Weld Mrs. Arthur C. Whitney Mrs. Robert Wade Williams Mr. Herman L. Winter Miss Lucia E. Wiswell 37 Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission started its work 73 years ago in the vestry of the Hollis Street Church under the guidance of Miss Helen W. Tinkham; the church was sold and became the Hollis Street Theatre ; the theatre was de- molished to give way to a parking space but the Mission has pros- pered through the years and it is privileged once again to express its sincere appreciation to the trustees of the Massachusetts Hor- ticultural Society for its headquarters room in the basement of Horticultural Hall, for the unfailing co-operation of Mr. Farring- ton and the sympathetic interest of Mr. Graves in his broadcast references to our work ; also for the loyalty of Mrs. Hollis Webster as horticultural chairman for stressing our needs in the issues of The Seedling. It is with a deep feeling of gratitude to all of our friends, including many garden club members, that I am able to report progress during the past year. Seven hundred and seventy-six hampers, cartons, etc., were received in the four months of the 1941 hamper season, the high- est total in our history, and their contents provided a pathway of flowers through some of the tenement districts and brightened weekly an Army and Navy Recreation Centre. Duxbury is still the banner town. One day showed an aggregate of 17^2 hours of picking in Mrs. Bittinger's garden. Lexington follows closely in second place. Both towns con- tributed generously also to the holiday baskets and gave financial donations. Twenty-eight Spring flower show tickets from Mrs. Geoffrey Whitney brought hope and courage to men and women who had felt defeated. The sod from the border of Breck's exhibit at the Spring show was carted in little express wagons by grateful recipients for the backyard gardens under the supervision of the Boston Tubercu- losis Association. Many hospital wards were made gay after the peony and gladiolus shows. The Massachusetts Horticultural Society enables us to meet the constantly growing needs. Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. 38 ANNOUNCING PUBLICATION OF A SUPPLEMENT TO THE SELECTED CATALOGUE OF THE LIBRARY A supplement to the 1936 catalogue is now available. It is a booklet of 30 pages, and combines into a single classified list the record of books added to the library between 1936 and the Spring of 1942. During that period many books have been published and several important advances have been made in the science of horti- culture. Under normal conditions a complete revision of the catalogue would be due, but neither time nor funds are available in the present emergency. At the same time, the need for well-informed and competent gardeners was never greater. Members of the Society in all parts of the country may borrow books from the library, and they are invited to send to the librarian their questions about books and about gardening prob- lems that books may help to solve. Miss Dorothy S. Manks, Librarian Massachusetts Horticultural Society 300 Massachusetts Ave., Boston, Mass. Please send me a copy of the 1942 Supplement to the Selected Catalogue of the Library. I enclose a three-cent stamp to pay the cost of mailing. THREE CENT STAMP Name Street City and State "The Great Smokies" Brought to Boston An outstanding exhibit at the 1942 Spring Flower Show was a mag- nificent spectacle set up by Harlan P. Kelsey, Inc., of East Boxford, featuring the famous mountains of North Carolina where native plants are to be found in greater variety than anywhere else in the United States. ' .,.:. t .1$ ". '.'■"• •■"•**' , WJ\ggtH»aM(Bi - ♦< . ?e iV*A L ■£ 1 1 JKly 1 ^ ^m^^**$%& • * ^i2^^ *■■%!& i ^^^ 5 ,$.yt\- :■'"-- -^H^ >,;V ^ , ■ , : 1» % *;,Sjfe • ^^•*^ ; V*§^. ^^ *w, x -tv . ^sM^ < Lily Garden at the 1942 Spring Show T7m garden teas set up by Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren of New- port, and their superintendent, Joseph Winsock, brought together a greater number of lilies than has ever been assembled at any other flower show in America. 40 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY REPORTS OF THE OFFICERS and COMMITTEES Presented at the ANNUAL MEETING, MAY 4, 1942 Annual Meeting, 1942 The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society was held in Horticultural Hall at 3 :00 p.m. on Monday, May 4, 1942. The president, Mr. Edwin S. Webster was in the chair and named as tellers, Mr. Edwin F. Steffek, Miss Faith Freeman and Mrs. Margaret Peters. The secretary read the call for the meeting after which the president presented his annual address which was followed by reports of the secretary and treasurer and the chair- men of the various committees. The President's Address When I am asked about the prospects of this Society while the war is going on, I have to admit, of course, that I am no prophet ; but, nevertheless, I am distinctly optimistic. I read that the Royal Horticultural Society enrolled more new members last year than it did the year before, and that it still has a total of 35,000, and I see no reason to believe that horticulture in America will be less courageous or less active than horticulture in England. I recognize, of course, that the coming year will bring many problems and some difficult situations. It is certain that no organi- zation serving the public to such an extent as our own can con- tinue its work without adjusting itself to the new conditions which have been brought about by the war. This Society is making these adjustments. Its major prospects have to do with food pro- duction, food preservation and nutrition, all of which must prove vital factors in the winning of the war. The secretary has twice gone to Washington by invitation of the Department of Agriculture to discuss the production of food in home gardens, and the articles on this subject appearing in our publication Horticulture have been widely quoted. This Society has been working closely with the state extension service and has sponsored two important conferences held in this building. It has worked with the garden club federation in the establishment of information centers all through the state and has established an information center in this building which the Secretary will tell you more about in his report. The Massachusetts Committee on Public Safety has set up a large nutritional exhibit in one of our halls, which is open for your inspection. The Society has the government's co-operation in putting on a series of lectures and demonstrations on canning, preserving and nutrition throughout the entire months of July and August. 43 44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Classes in these subjects will be conducted three days each week and the Society will provide the equipment, so that all the differ- ent operations involved in home canning can be carried out. It is hardly possible to put too much stress on the value of this work because of the necessity of maintaining our people in good health. These classes will be open to the general public without charge. This is also true of the classes in general gardening, which are being carried on each Tuesday afternoon and evening. The use of the hall is being given on various occasions for such purposes as the registration of men for selective service and for classes conducted by the state. You will see from all this that the Society is doing a real job in developing important war-time activities. I think that these activities are reflected in the membership situation. For two years I have had to report a decline in mem- bership, but I am happy to say that the tide has turned, judging from the past year's figures. The latest returns handed to me show a membership of 7,117 as against the lowest point, which was 6,850. The co-operation of all of our members is needed to retain our membership at this level and to make the advance to which we feel we are entitled. ^lany losses occur every year. In the last 12 months almost 90 members were lost by death. Sixteen of these were life members and I am forced to say that the number of life members on our rolls grows smaller each year. I wish that a greater number of young people could be brought into the Society. In former years, many of the older members took out memberships in the names of their children or their grandchildren. Not infrequently they were life memberships. It would be a great help to the Society if this practice could be continued. The future of the organization depends upon the in- terest shown in its work by the younger generation and this interest can be stimulated through the efforts of parents who appreciate the work which the Society is doing and the rewards which it offers to those who participate in its activities. The Spring flower show, one of the Society's major activities, is depended upon to produce sufficient revenue each year to pay for the smaller shows, which are free, throughout the Summer and Fall months. I feel that I should be quite candid in what I say to the members, but when I report that the attendance and financial receipts from this year's show fell off about 20 per cent, I have nothing to apologize for. This was almost exactly the rate of diminishing returns reported by flower show managements in ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 45 all the large cities — New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Chicago and Detroit. In my opinion, this year's show itself was one of the most outstanding exhibitions ever staged by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society and one which reflects the greatest credit upon all those who had a part in putting it on. I have recommended, however, that the 1943 Spring exhibition be held in Horticultural Hall and I believe that my recommenda- tion has been adopted. I feel that the risk involved in staging a great flower show, costing a large amount of money, in Mechanics Building, under the conditions which are certain to exist next March is far too great for an organization like this to assume. Steps have been taken to provide for a much larger show than ever before has been possible in our building. A large elevator which has been installed at the rear of the building leads directly to a commodious hall on the second floor — a hall which in the past has been reserved for storage purposes, but which can be used to great advantage for flower show exhibits. More room is also available on the mezzanine floor, and with almost the entire building available, a Spring show can be put on at Horticultural Hall which will compare favorably with those in Mechanics Building, even though it may be somewhat different in character. It is planned to hold the Summer and Autumn shows this year as usual but with modifications brought about by war-time con- ditions. The exhibition commmittee is studying this whole situa- tion and doubtless will make such changes in the new schedules as will be needed to fit them into the present-day picture and serve the best interests of the Society, as well as giving something of real value to those who visit the shows. I recommend to the com- mittee that it give particular attention to the fruit and vegetable show with a view to increasing exhibits on the part of amateurs, and to the Autumn exhibition, especially if that exhibition is to be continued as one to which admission is charged. I am glad to learn that we have been working in very close co-operation with the garden clubs in their efforts to promote home gardens on a sound and sane basis. We are very happy to have the state federation as a tenant and we appreciate, too, the support and help given us by our other tenants, the American Herb Society, New England Wild Flower Preservation Society, Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission, New England Gourd Society, New England Gladiolus Society and splendid old Boston Mycological Club. All of these organizations are doing excellent work and are helping to maintain the morale of our people. 46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY We believe that this Society is coming to have an even more important place in the life of this city and this state than ever before, and we recognize the responsibilities resulting therefrom. We accept these responsibilities and trust that our renewed and continued efforts will be of genuine, worthwhile service. Edwin S. Webster, President. The Secretary's Report Special efforts were made throughout the year 1941 to put this building in the best possible physical condition. This was done in anticipation of probable shortages. Two important improvements were made. One was the installation of a combined passenger and freight elevator, which takes the place of an old-fashioned hand hoist which has been in operation for the past 40 years. It is expected that this new elevator will be found particularly useful if, as the president has suggested, the Spring Flower Show in 1943 be held in this building. The second improvement was the installation of alternating current throughout the building, taking the place of the direct current system which has been in use heretofore, but which was inconvenient because most electrical appliances are made for alternating current. Direct current still comes into the building, however, and is used for operating the No. 1 elevator, inasmuch as any change in powering this elevator would have meant in- stalling a new motor at large expense. It is only within the last year that alternating current has been available in this section. It was brought in after many months of pressure exerted by Symphony Hall and this organization, as well as other users of electricity in this neighborhood. With the outbreak of the war it became necessary to provide for black-out^, which has been done by installing black-out cur- tains in the lecture room and the ante-room adjoining and in the small exhibition hall. Incidentally, these black-out curtains have made these halls much more satisfactory for the showing of stere- optican pictures and motion pictures in daylight hours. Provision has also been made for blacking-out the entrance hall but this work has not been extended to the large exhibition hall, although blue lights have been installed for emergencies. If this hall should be in use when the sirens announce a black-out, all persons in the hall will be requested to pass into the two halls furnished with black-out curtains. The blue lights will make it possible for the clearing of the hall without confusion, even ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 47 though the white lights be extinguished. Attention is called to the flags which have been hung in both the large exhibition hall and the entrance lobby. For several years efforts have been made to devise some means by which to make the entrance to the building more prominent. It has not been unusual for strangers to experience difficulty in locating the proper door. Criticism has been heard also for several years to the effect that visitors have difficulty in identifying this building, as the inscription "The Massachusetts Horticultural Society" which appears on the front of the building, is too high The Massachusetts Horticultural Society began encouraging garden- ing for children as early as 1872, when it offered prizes for children's window gardens. This picture showing youthful gardeners on their way to Horticultural Hall for a June exhibition appeared in a book published about 1S90. This book is in the Society's library. to be seen from the sidewalk. The trustees met both of these situ- ations by having the words "Horticultural Hall" cut into the stone work over the center door and by having metal frames installed at each side of this door with inserts giving the name of the building, the date on which it was erected and other information or, on special occasions, announcements of coming exhibitions or other events. This has proved a happy solution to a problem which has come before the board over a long period. The Society has been obliged to readjust its activities in many ways because of war-time conditions. For several months it has been conducting lectures and classes each week and is planning to expand this work as the season progresses. Members of its staff 48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY have answered calls for outside lectures on war gardens and other topics and have carried on a radio program every Saturday morning for more than a year. Newspaper releases have been sent out when they seemed to be needed and two important confer- ences have been held here to discuss war gardening and the need for instruction in canning and nutrition. I am glad to say that rentals have remained good, the total receipts from this source last year being $4,764.81 a slight gain over the rentals of 1940. This is the largest amount received from rentals since 1935. This building has again become a favorite with persons conducting rummage sales. No less than 26 rummage sales were held there in the year 1941. As usual the Society received a substantial payment from Mount Auburn Cemetery at the beginning of this year, the amount being $2,330. The Society has undertaken an active campaign to promote the eradication of poison ivy, which has become a very serious pest in this state, even hampering defense work. Much research has been given to this subject and the Society will shortly issue a bulletin summing up the results of this work. The Society is also continuing to distribute its bulletin on the Japanese beetle and the way in which to control the elm leaf beetle. Fewer lectures have been held the past year than usual because of the many other activities in which the Society has been en- gaged. The usual open house was dispensed with this year because of prevailing conditions but the 14 different organizations having their headquarters or their meeting place in Horticultural Hall are continuing their work with uninterrupted vigor. The Garden Club Federation has been especially active in defense garden work and the American Herb Society has been receiving a large amount of mail because of its bulletins dealing with the selection of sage and various medicinal herbs. The secretary is grateful to the trustees and committees for their kindness and support throughout the year and extends his thanks to the members of his staff for their co-operation and help. E. I. Farrington, Secretary. ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 49 Report of the Treasurer STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AT DECEMBER 31, 1941 Assets Cash in Banks and on Hand $ 34,342.15 Treasurer: In bank $ 25,378.65 In hands of broker 128.95 Bursar: In bank 7,253.00 On hand 10.00 Savings bank deposits 1,571.55 $ 34,342.15 Investments — Valued at cost 552,030.34 Capital Assets — see note 1 579,736.70 Real estate $498,564.63 Improvements and additions to buildings 34,591.60 Library 46,580.47 $579,736.70 Deferred Charges : Spring show 1942 4,698.71 $1,170,807.90 Note 1 : Depreciation on capital assets has not been provided for. Liabilities and Capital Funds Liabilities — Accounts payable $ 90.95 Sundry Funds 459,208.96 Special uses: Principal $168,913.73 Unexpended income 10,251.93 $179,165.66 General uses : Principal 280,043.30 $459,208.96 Donations Special 827.18 Life Membership Fees 23,444.00 Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 55,053.52 Library Cataloging Fund 28.28 Capital 564,524.70 Surplus (Capital) 54,525.09 Balance, January 1, 1941 $ 50,209.07 Add : Gain on sales securities 4,316.02 $ 54,525.09 Surplus (Earned) 13,105.22 Balance, January 1, 1941 $ 9,097.09 Add: Income over expenditures 7,011.78 16,108.87 50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Deduct : Transfer to Show Fund $ 3,000.00 Expenses paid on 1939 Spring Show 3.65 3,003.65 $13,105.22- $1,170,807.90 STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES Year Ended Year Ended Income December 31, 1941 December 31, 1940 Income from investments and bank interest (less proportion allocated to restricted funds) $25,545.00 $26,543.24 Membership fees 19,003.50 19,386.00 Rentals 4.764.81 4,734.71 Spring Show— 1941 37,238.42 Spring Show— 1940 24,085.30 Incidentals 298.55 365.05 . Sundry donations 15.00 50.00 $86,865.28 $75,164.30 Expenditures Operating Expenses : Building expenses $25,164.13 $17,583.52 Library expenses 6,159.19 6,535.88 Office and general expenses . 39,074.57 35,764.18 Misc. exhibition expenses . . 6,510.10 5,689.62 Autumn Show— 1941 999.63 Autumn Show— 1940 1,043.59 $77,907.62 $66,616.79 Awards, Lectures, and Miscellaneous : Lectures 56.14 61.19 Medals and certificates 524.40 714.62 Prizes in excess of funds . . . 719.50 640.00 1,300.04 1,415.81 Add: Horticulture loss 645.84 792.20 $79,853.50 $68,824.80 Excess of Income Over Expenditures — Transf erred to Surplus Earned $ 7,011.78 $ 6,339.50 INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1941 Bonds Rate Maturity Cost % Date Value $10,000 Adams Express Co 4 6/1/47 $10,342.82 15,000 Alabama Power Co 5 6/1/51 14,999.73 5,000 Allis Chalmers Manufacturing Co 4 9/1/52 5,100.00 4,000 Anaconda Copper Mining Co 4y 2 10/1/50 3,663.75 ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 51 15,000 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co 4 7/1/52 14,608.11 15,000 Central Pacific Ry. Co. Through Short Line 4 10/1/54 14,943.75 15,000 Central States Power and Light Co 5V 2 1/1/53 14,850.00 15,000 Community Power and Light Co 5 3/1/57 10,801.95 10,000 Electric Power and Light 5 2/1/2030 8,676.29 15,000 Florida Power and Light Co 5 1/1/54 12,979.21 10,000 Kentucky Utilities Co 4y 2 2/1/55 10,150.00 15,000 Louisville and Nashville R. R. Co 3y 2 1/1/50 15,150.00 15,000 Louisiana Power and Light 5 12/1/57 15,634.39 15,000 Michigan Consolidated Gas Co 4 9/1/63 15,102.50 15,000 National Distillers Products Co 3y 2 3/1/49 15,746.90 5,000 North American Co 3 l / 2 2/1/49 5,044.62 1,000 Old Colony Investment Trust 4y 2 2/1/47 1,007.50 14,000 Potomac Edison Co 5 11/1/56 12,222.22 20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5y 2 6/1/49 17,445.00 15,000 Railway & Light Securities Co 3% 12/1/55 15,112.50 10,000 Union Pacific R. R, Co 4 7/1/47 7,952.99 10,000 York Railways 5 12/1/47 9,976.38 Total bonds $251,510.61 Shares Stocks 100 American Can Co $10,237.95 140 American Telephone & Telegraph Co 20,980.15 100 American Tobacco Co. "B" 10,200.23 200 Buffalo, Niagara and Eastern Power Co. Pfd 4,150.00 26 Commercial Credit Corp ) 150 Commercial Credit Corp. 4y 2 % Conv. Pfd J 16,774.53 200 Connecticut Light & Power 8,500.00 200 Continental Insurance Co 8,934.00 200 Continental Oil Co 3,978.20 400 Curtis Wright "A" 10,360.32 265 136 / 600 Electric Bond & Share ) 2,192 General Electric Co \ 13 > 4 89.83 200 Engineers Public Service $5.50 Pfd 14,400.00 300 Eastern Utilities Asso 6,900.00 200 First National Bank of Boston 9,800.00 200 Indianapolis Power & Light Co 4.800.00 20 International Match Realization Co. Ltd. v.t.c 3,561.25 500 National Power and Light Co. $6.00 Pfd 50,750.00 100 Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. $5.00 Cum. Pfd 10,200.00 160 North American Co. $3.00 Pfd 6,871.50 100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Pfd 7,548.75 100 Phoenix Insurance Co 9,325.00 365 2 /e Radio Corporation of America 500 Southern California Edison Co. 5y 2 % Pfd 13,750.00 52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 582 Tampa Electric Co 17,658.12 200 Underwood Eliott Fisher 8,017.90 200 United Fruit 12,660.00 100 United Gas Corp. $7.00 Pfd 9,922.00 100 U. S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Co. Pfd 6,750.00 Total stocks $300,519.73 Summary Bonds $251,510.61 Stocks 300,519.73 Total .$552,030.34 SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1941 Income to Be Used for Special Purposes Unexpended Total Income Principal Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ $ 1,000.00 Josiah Bradley Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,810.88 4,810.88 30,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,232.00 232.00 20,000.00 Albert Cameron Burrage— Porch Fund 1,560.37 310.37 1,250.00 John C. Chaffin Fund 1,000.89 .89 1,000.00 William N. Craig Fund 2,819.92 319.92 2,500.00 Benjamin B. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00 Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,694.62 467.62 3,227.00 John S. Farlow Fund 2,511.21 11.21 2,500.00 John S. Farlow Fund — Newton Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42 Benjamin V. French Fund No. 1 500.00 500.00 Benjamin V. French Fund No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00 John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00 John D. Williams French Fund 12,237.43 555.55 11,681.88 Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 1 879.25 379.25 500.00 H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 2 2,248.87 248.87 2,000.00 H. H. Hunnewell Fund No. 3 1,500.00 1,500.00 Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund . . «. 5,500.00 500.00 5,000.00 John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 Theodore Lyman Fund No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00 Theodore Lyman Fund No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00 Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 800.09 .09 800.00 Thomas Roland Fund 3,426.51 426.51 3,000.00 John Lewis Russell Fund 1,523.58 523.58 1,000.00 Show Fund 42,200.00 42,200.00 William J. Walker Fund 2,354.49 .06 2,354.43 Levi Whitcomb Fund 504.50 4.50 500.00 ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 53 George Robert White Fund 11,456.52 1,456.52 10,000.00 Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,003.50 3.50 1,000.00 Total $179,165.66 $10,251.93 $168,913.73 Income to Be Used for General Purposes Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 Louis G. Appleby Legacy 200.00 200.00 Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 John Chaney Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy 50,000.00 50,000.00 Ida F. Estabrook Legacy 11,638.76 11,638.76 Caroline S. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 Frances Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 Frances Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 Margaret Whitney Legacy 100.00 100.00 $280,043.30 $280,043.30 INCOME AND EXPENSES OF THE SPRING SHOWS IN 1941 AND 1940 Income Spring Show, 1941 Spring Show, 1940 Tickets : Regular admissions $61,739.50 $52,396.25 Trade tickets 2,940.00 2,595.00 Students' tickets 22.50 5.50 Members' tickets 7,611.50 7,394.00 Garden Club tickets 14,103.75 10,924.10 $86,417.25 $73,314.85 Trade space 9,320.96 9,181.67 Restaurant 1,501.93 1,217.27 Flower booth 6,679.73 5,151.73 Less : Flower booth expense . 5,097.60 4,106.25 ■ — 1,582.13 1,045.48 Programs 1,857.19 1,825.51 Check room 216.93 317.50 Supplies sold 463.85 Less : Cost of supplies sold 373.38 90.47 Miscellaneous 2.70 4.05 $100,899.09 $86,996.80 Expenditures Carting $ 221.17 $ 164.80 Committee expense 65.10 35.87 Committee fees 270.00 315.00 54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Decorating 2,131.25 1,678.00 Garden club expenses 1,000.00 1,200.00 Insurance 231.58 231.58 Judges' expense 482,99 492.68 Labor 3,077.96 2,783.08 Manager's salary and bonus . . . 6,387.60 4,926.14 Manager's expenses 216.96 125.53 Music 162.50 170.00 Plant material and forcing .... 1,255.05 409.20 Police 500.00 500.00 Postage, stationer}' and supplies 788.70 544.99 Printing 636.28 472.55 Prizes, medals and certificates . 22,005.06 22,039.97 Publicity 9,670.58 9,397.01 Rentals 8,499.14 8,251.71 Rubbish removal 250.00 250.00 Telephone 160.30 104.87 Wheel chairs— net 17.60 11.25 Miscellaneous 5,630.85 8,807.27 63,660.67 62,911.50 Excess of Income Over Expenditures . . . .$37,238.42 $24,085.30 AUTUMN SHOW, 1941 Income Tickets $3,460.75 Expenses Postage $ 84.80 Printing 20.50 Publicity 736.50 Exhibition committee 12.50 Incidentals 56.20 Labor 106.85 Decorating 110.00 Engraving certificates 3.85 Prize committee fees 25.00 Judges' expense 90.85 Taxes 360.98 Photos 19.00 Signs 18.45 ' Prizes 2,300.50 Gardeners' award 325.00 Medals 100.90 Rubbish 15.00 Supplies 73.50 4,460.38 Net Loss $ 999.63 ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 55 MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITION EXPENSE Year Ended Year Ended December December 31, 1941 31, 1940 Salary $3,451.20 $3,376.30 Printing 239.25 371.50 Stationery and postage 35.10 59.62 Supplies 1,324.26 397.36 Advertising 8.00 53.50 Exhibition committee fees 150.00 185.00 Prize committee fees 260.00 230.00 Traveling 372.83 236.43 Judges' expense 87.37 54.79 Decorating and signs 139.90 169.64 Repairs 245.73 1.50 Incidentals 125.85 84.65 Massachusetts State College exhibition 431.83 Miscellaneous 70.61 37.50 Total $6,510.10 $5,689.62 LIBRARY EXPENSES Year Ended Year Ended December December 31, 1941 31, 1940 Salaries $5,035.58 $5,079.08 Binding and repairs 963.13 986.44 Books and periodicals 21.45 Printing 40.75 23.00 Stationery and postage 47.41 66.01 Supplies 55.07 341.30 Insurance 9.60 9.60 Incidentals 7.65 9.00 Total $6,159.19 $6,535.88 OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSES Year Ended Year Ended December December 31, 1941 31, 1940 Salaries $25,452.31 $22,138.31 Stationery and postage 2,953.91 2,324.39 Printing 1,458.20 1,428.95 Supplies and equipment 1,079.62 1,250.48 Telephone and telegraph 781.45 821.32 Traveling 194.69 155.94 Subscription of members to Horticulture 5,289.04 5,716.50 Incidentals 178.96 440.14 56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY Repairs 253.22 63.45 Photos and slides 572.35 444.25 Publicity 176.40 445.20 Binding 29.60 20.79 Miscellaneous 654.82 514.46 Total $39,074.57 $35,764.18 BUILDING EXPENSE Tear Ended Tear Ended December December 31, 1941 31, 1940 Labor $11,401.36 $11,030.80 Supplies 398.88 570.16 Heating 1,493.06 1,379.13 Lighting 1,743.26 1,667.43 Repairs and upkeep 1,303.97 1,313.52 Insurance 1,850.22 1,064.48 Repairs to elevator 4,959.66 Electric wiring, changed from D.C. to A.C 1,578.81 Incidentals 434.91 558.00 Total $25,164.13 $17,583.52 "HORTICULTURE" STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES Tear Ended Tear Ended Income December 31, 1941 December 31, 1940 Advertising $25,450.24 $21,638.06 Subscriptions 30,565.88 27,630.78 Books 4,840.04 5,758.30 Advertising "Gardening in New England" 3,112.80 4,128.33 Royalties and commissions .... 498.19 792.83 Miscellaneous 438.53 352.26 $64,905.68 $60,300.56 Expenses Printing $24,308.46 $22,704.91 Paper 11,724.88 11,610.71 Cuts 2,614.25 2,815.26 Wrappers 582.23 515.23 Postage 5,118.96 4,959.11 Books 4,554.36 2,549.64 "Gardening in New England" . 2,618.96 3,274.89 Commissions and discounts .... 5,424.33 4,846.55 Contributors 1,338.86 1,392.92 ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 57 Salaries 4,109.02 4,084.52 Miscellaneous 3,157.21 2,339.02 65,551.52 61,092.76 Net Loss $ 645.84 $ 792.20 Note 2 : The financial records of Horticulture are kept on a cash receipts and payments basis. The amounts due from advertisers and others, and the indebtedness for paper, printing, etc., are not reflected in the above statement. John S. Ames, Treasurer. Report of the Library Committee During the past year the war has been the dominant influence on the work of the library. People are not reading so much, and what they do read is most often related to the problems of the home garden. Soil maintenance, the raising of vegetables and kitchen herbs, and the growing, curing and marketing of medicinal plants have been the subjects of most persistent inquiry. To this interest in the food garden we owe several new and unusually good books on fruit and vegetable gardening which have been published in recent months. Following its regular practice, the library contributed an at- tractive shelf of books to the official booth at the Spring Flower Show. This served the double purpose of providing immediate answers to questions, and of calling the attention of visitors to one of the activities of our regular program. Small collections of books and bulletins are also a part of the war-garden lecture programs, and the horticultural chairman of the Garden Club Federation has asked for a table of books for each of her monthly meetings. For several years collections of garden club year books have been sent out to clubs, garden centers and conference meetings in many parts of the country. This year the principal collection has bookings to full capacity and other individual sets have been made up several times. These collections are used for exhibition and study, and have received much favorable comment in the garden press. Classes have visited the library from Simmons School of Library Science, Lowthorpe School, the Boston School of Occupational Therapy, and the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, and the library resources have been used by artists, physicians, and others of the community. During the past summer the library received from Mrs. Albert 58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY C. Burrage the garden library of her late husband, who was for many years president of this Society. Among the 2300 volumes are some rare and important items, and there is also a fine col- lection of water color drawings of orchids. The last edition of the selected catalogue of the library, pub- lished in 1936, is almost gone, and a new edition would be due if times were normal. In its stead we have in press a supplement combining into a single classified list all the best of the books added to the library since 1936, and making a booklet of 32 pages. It is put out at this time as a war-emergency guide to the best of what is new, and will be sent for the cost of mailing to any member of the Society who would like to have it. The recataloguing and reclassifying of the library is continuing steadily, but will take a year or two more to complete. The sec- tions already finished have proved the value of the work by making information more quickly and effectively available. Charles K. Cummings, Chairman. Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens The 1941 Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens was not quite so large as previous exhibitions, but the quality of the products shown was excellent and the arrangement of the mate- rial showed almost a professional touch. The children have been taught not only to grow good vegetables but to display them in a most effective manner. Even vegetables on a single plate can be made to look attractive if arranged properly. Every effort will be made at the coming show to give the children themselves an opportunity to arrange the material in the large displays, the instructors to act merely in an advisory capacity. There were over 800 individual exhibits at the 1941 show. Since it was a very dry season, Henry G. Wendler, who was in charge of the project in the absence of Daniel W. O'Brien, considered this a remarkable showing. There were 63 separate entries for Swiss chard, 61 for green tomatoes, 50 for ripe tomatoes and 40 in the class calling for any other variety of vegetable. It was quite a task for the judges to pick the winners in these classes. The roadside stands staged by the vocational agricultural schools were outstanding. The prize winner in this class, that of the North High School of Worcester, was equal to that staged by some of our professional exhibitors at other shows. Mention should also be made of the replica of the first school garden planned and ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 59 planted here in Boston 50 years ago, which was staged by the Jamaica Plain High School. The 4-H Club exhibits were more extensive than ever and the canning exhibit was the largest staged in the state in 1941, con- sisting of over 1,500 jars canned by the children under the direc- tion of the 4-H Club leaders. In conclusion, it is gratifying to know that the Boston School Committee is encouraging the planting of home and school gar- dens and that instructors will be available throughout the season to work with the children. The children may also avail themselves of the opportunity of consulting garden club representatives in charge of the victory garden program throughout the state. It is hardly necessary to point out here that it is the duty of every individual to grow and preserve as many fruits and vegetables as possible during this emergency, so, why not encourage the children to grow vegetables and make them conscious of the fact that they are contributing toward our program to win the war as speedily as possible. S. J. Goddard, Chairman. Report of the Committee on Exhibitions Another active year in the history of the Massachusetts Horti- cultural Society has come to a close and, as far as our committee is concerned, this day marks the completion of another series of exhibitions. It is not the purpose of this report to review the shows of the past year, as has been our custom at three preceding annual meetings. Those shows are over. You have been privileged to see them and to form your own opinion as to their excellence. It is our purpose, rather, to offer to you as members, to the trustees, and to the incoming committee, certain suggestions which we are convinced from our experiences, will result in still better shows and definitely improved relations with exhibitors and judges. Moreover, if these recommendations are put into opera- tion, we believe there will be considerably less mystification on the part of the visiting public as to why certain awards are placed — or are not. Before assembling this report, I asked each member of the Committee on Exhibitions to write me his ideas as to urgent changes which he felt should be effected for the good of the show department. To be sure, these views have been expressed from time to time in our committee meetings. Even so, it is well to have such in summary and here they are — right from the letters in reply. 60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY All of these comments pertain to the Spring show, as might be expected, for here most of the difficulties are encountered. The show manager and the committee are charged by the trustees with not only staging attractive and successful exhibits but in making a profit as well. We are told that the annual profit of $20,000 and more, over the actual cost of conducting the March show, is a necessary supplement to the treasury of the Society for its general operation and maintenance. It seems reasonable that the free shows might well be financed from the profits of the Spring show (if really necessary) but to divert the gains of the Spring show to other uses seems unwar- ranted. Such a practice makes a business enterprise of this show. The committeeman making this comment offers the suggestion that all profits realized from the Spring show be turned right back into the show department for show purposes only, to provide for better shows and to serve as a rampart of security against an unfavor- able year. In the 1940 Year Book it is reported that "After the centennial exhibition, the Society found itself with a surplus of $30,000, which amount was prudently set aside as a nucleus of what is in effect an insurance fund, to be drawn upon in event of the show's failure to make its required earnings. This fund is, of course, properly invested and the earnings are used for the pay- ment of prizes at the shows". This surplus has now been increased to around $44,000. It is hard to estimate what figure it should eventually reach, but $50,000 would be none too high. Then all earnings of this fund and all further surpluses from Spring shows should rightfully be spent for show purposes solely. Under the existing system, the show manager is obligated to bring in several thousands of dollars gain from the Spring enterprise, come foul weather, depression or total war. That is, he is not only expected to satisfy without a deficit the requirements of his own department in putting on a beautiful show but to promote a financial project for the support of certain other departments as well. Is this a fair, proper and dignified position in which we are asking our show manager to serve ? Another committeeman believes that exhibits the character and size of the Great Smokies are likely to prove more expensive than their attraction for the visitors justifies. This year's publicity on that feature was enormous but perhaps two or even four smaller exhibits which the public could walk around would have been more interesting. This is certainly no unfavorable reflection upon the quality of this year's stage piece ; the same caution applies to all ANNUAL MEETING, 1942 61 others of equal magnitude. Is it not time we gave this idea some serious consideration? There was one item on which each member of our committee, without exception, gave expression — the precarious position of the Prize Committee during the Spring show. The Committee on Exhibitions has striven for years to perfect the schedules, formu- late the rules, work out the scales of points and define the terms. This committee and the show manager work for months design- ing, planning, estimating costs, hunting up exhibitors, publicizing and building the show. The opening day of the great Spring exhibition finally arrives. The Committee on Prizes has carefully chosen and engaged the judges and they are ready to go to work with a rule book in one hand and a sharp pencil in the other. Up to this point the two committees have held only one or not more than two joint meet- ings regarding this show. If some of the prize committee members themselves are surprised at the opening scene, is it any wonder that the judges are often bewildered at what confronts them ? To ask a team of judges to render a verdict in a few minutes on an exhibit that has required months to create is a large order. That creditable results, as a rule, are achieved by the Prize Com- mittee and their judges in awarding prizes under such unfamiliar circumstances is a wonder ! The system is obviously fraught with hazard and should be modified to prevent the possibility of serious errors occurring in the future. After all, the exhibitors make the show and they must always be made to feel they are being dealt with fairly. Else they will not return. Here is a plan which is offered for your consideration. The Committee on Exhibitions will submit to the president of the Society, for appointment a list of candidates for a Committee on Prizes, which will meet with the first committee whenever it is necessary. Regardless of the frequency of such joint meetings, one of these will be held immediately after the judging at the Spring show and before any of the cups, medals, certificates or other major awards are announced to the exhibitors or the public. By such a method, any differences of opinion among the several committee members may be ironed out in advance of publicity. Some device must be set up whereby an executive committee, possibly designated by the president, will meet at stated times during all shows to hear and act on protests. This is very impor- tant and we should not go into another year unprepared in this respect. I realize that this report may be regarded as somewhat re- 62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY actionary. It is intended so to be. Our committee hopes that the trustees will give each point expressed herein the most careful consideration because we are convinced that it is expedient for the good of the Society to effect these changes now. Ray M. Koon, Chairman. Report of the Committee on Prizes Your Committee on Prizes has worked on 11 shows during the past year, three of which, the gladiolus, iris and dahlia shows, were given by their own societies. At our Harvest Show, last October, an especially attractive farmyard scene, was staged by Miss Case, whose work with boys at Hillcrest has been notable. At this same show was a most inter- esting exhibit of specimen grapes, sent by the Geneva Experi- ment Station. To one of these new grapes, the Seneca, we gave an award of merit. The chrysanthemum show in November, combined with the fortieth show of The Chrysanthemum Society of America, was one of our outstanding shows. At the Spring show, the president's cup was awarded to William Walke, for his exhibit of amaryllis. The Burr age gold cup, for the best exhibit at any show during 1941, was awarded to Mrs. Galen Stone. Already it has been suggested to us that all medals for the coming year be ordered now. I recommend that the Society with- hold all medals for the duration of the war and that we be very careful about making any large expenditures. William P. Wolcott, Chairman. Result of the Balloting At four o'clock the polls were closed, 56 votes having been cast, and the following were declared elected : President: Edwin S. Webster Vice-President : William Ellery Trustees: Aubrey B. Butler Harlan P. Kelsey Dunbar Lockwood Fletcher Steele Mrs. Roger S. Warner Massachusetts Horticultural Society HONORARY MEMBERS 1942 Lord Aberconway, North Wales, England 1942 F. A. Bartlett, Stamford, Connecticut 1942 Walter D. Brownell, Little Compton, Rhode Island 1942 Alex Cumming, Bristol, Connecticut 1942 Dr. William A. Dayton, Washington, District of Columbia 1942 A. T. De La Mare, New York, New York 1942 David Fairchild, Coconut Grove, Florida 1942 Joseph B. Gable, Stewartstown, Pennsylvania 1942 Arthur Herrington, New York, New York 1942 Henry Hicks, Westbury, Long Island, New York 1942 Fred H. Howard, Montebello, California 1942 August Koch, Chicago, Illinois 1942 Colonel R. H. Montgomery, Coconut Grove, Florida 1942 Robert Moses, New York, New York 1942 G. G. Nearing, Ridgewood, New Jersey 1942 Frederick Law Olmsted, Brookline, Massachusetts 1942 George H. Pring, St. Louis, Missouri 1942 Dr. Alfred Rehder, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts 1942 Dr. A. B. Stout, New York, New York 1942 Norman Taylor, New York, New York 1942 Dr. William A. Taylor, Washington, District of Columbia 1942 C. J. Van Bourgondien, Babylon, Long Island, New York 1942 Dr. Frank A. Waugh, Amherst, Massachusetts 1942 Richard Wellington, Geneva, New York 1942 Professor Edward Albert White, Ithaca, New York 1942 Elizabeth C. White, Whitesbog, New Jersey CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England. 1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 1925 F. R. S. Balfour, F.L.S., Dawyck, Stobo, Tweeddale, Scotland. 1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., "Clova," Fetcham Park, Leatherhead, Surrey, England. 1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Royal Horticultural Society, Vincent Square, Westminster, London, England. 1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yat Sen University, Canton, China. 1925 G. W. Darnell-Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, Sydney, New South Wales. 1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware. 1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware. 63 64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S , Suffolk, England. 1925 G. Fraser, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Imperial Institute, South Kensington, London S.W.7, England. 1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 1911 Professor IT. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York. 1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, England. 1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peking, China. 1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York. 1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 1925 Sir J. S. Maxwell, Bart, K.T., Pollok House, near Glasgow, Scotland. 1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. 1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Imperial University, Sapparo, Japan. 1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, F.L.S., Willbrook House, Rathfarnham, Co. Dublin, Ireland. 1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri. 1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 1925 I. B. Pole-Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director, Botani- cal Survey, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. 1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S. Warlingham, Surrey, England. 1925 Miss Isabella Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 1906 Dr. Henry N. Ridley, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., M.A., Kew, Surrey, England. 1925 Camillo Schneider, c/o Gartenschonheit, Berlin-Westend, Germany. 1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 1925 Sir William Wright Smith, F.L.S., Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland. 1893 Professor Wuj_,iam Trelease, Urbana, Illinois. 1918. F. Gomer Waterer, Knaphill, Surrey, England. 1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. 1921 Gurney WHiSON, Secretary Royal Horticultural Society Orchid Committee, Vincent Square, London S.W.I, England. 1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England.